January 14, 2014
Mandela’s Long Walk to Freedom
BY JOHN DEAR
Of course, it’s an enormous undertaking to boil Mandela’s epic life down to a two hour film. That’s why there’s never been a movie about Dr. King. Many have tried, and failed. The reason why the movie, “Gandhi,” succeeded is because Richard Attenborough worked on the script for twenty years. Then he found the best actors, and shot every scene with meticulous detail, even getting a million people to recreate Gandhi’s funeral march. It’s still the best movie ever made, in my opinion. Go and watch that, too.
I know some reviewers found the script for the Mandela film a bit plodding. Some dismissed it as a typical TV biopic. I think “Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom” is excellent and inspiring. Idris Elba as Mandela and Naomie Harris as Winnie Mandela are extraordinary. And in my book, time spent meditating on the lives of great peacemakers and justice-seekers is always time well spent.
“Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom” walks us through his long life—from the opening scenes of his tribal boyhood in Qunu, where he was buried last month, to his first marriage, law practice and early home life in Soweto, to his growing involvement with the ANC, his rejection of nonviolence, his leadership with the ANC military wing, through his eventual arrest, trial, and the threat of the death penalty.
“During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people,” he tells the court. “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
What a moment! It reminded me of the calls by Gandhi and King to give our lives for the highest ideals—for service to the poor, the struggle for justice and peace, the vision of nonviolence, and the reign of God. It reminded me, too, of Jesus’ difficult call that we, his followers, need to take up the cross in service to God’s reign for justice and peace. Mandela’s daring speech asks--what are you living for, what are you hoping to achieve, even what are you prepared to die for?
Of course, the white judge decided not to execute the ANC revolutionaries, saying he did not want to make them martyrs. So he sentenced them instead to life in prison, and Mandela was famously shipped off to Robben Island.
The second half of the film moves fast from Mandela’s imprisonment on Robben Island, as well as Winnie Mandela’s harassment and imprisonment, to the secret negotiations he began with the white government about how to the end of apartheid. I found the scenes of Mandela on Robben Island shocking, moving, and oddly hopeful.
With his release, we see a nation on the verge of total violence. In a powerful, although I think fictional climactic scene, Mandela addresses the nation on TV, saying, “We cannot win a war, but we can win an election. Go home, be peaceful, and when election day comes, vote!” The film ends with his inauguration.
Mandela’s long walk ended last month, but our journey to justice, peace and freedom continues. He gave his life for the people of South Africa, at the cost of his freedom and his family, as the film makes clear. His life challenges us to make a greater commitment to confront the evils we face today--poverty, racism, war, nuclear weapons, environmental destruction--all the systemic violence that oppresses humanity. I left “Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom” emboldened and motivated to do more for justice and peace.
In particular, the film raises the difficult question of sacrifice; that is, voluntarily accepting suffering in the struggle for justice and peace, and doing so, from the standpoint of nonviolence, without retaliation or revenge. Mandela’s long suffering in prison symbolizes the horrific violence which black South Africans suffered under apartheid. The contrast between the evils of racism, injustice and apartheid, and its practitioners, and the extraordinary goodness and dedicated resistance of Mandela and his fellow resisters pushes us to reflect on our own lives, our own willingness to resist systemic evil, and how much we are willing to give of ourselves for the movement.
History demonstrates that nonviolent social change comes about through bottom up, grassroots movements which resist systemic injustice and ultimately transform society. Such movements require committed people to be willing to make enormous sacrifices for the nonviolent struggle, even imprisonment and death. I think that’s precisely the call of the Gospel, that we willingly share the Paschal Mystery of Jesus in pursuit of God’s reign and God’s justice.
We sure need committed people today, people willing to sacrifice their time, energy and even their lives for justice and disarmament. We need more and more people to join the many grassroots movements of our time, and to pitch in with the hard work of local organizing and movement building. For those looking to get involved, I invite you to join www.campaignnonviolence.org.
This week, I’m in South Africa, visiting Johannesburg, Soweto, and Durban. Next week, I’ll be in Port Elizabeth, Qunu, King William’s Town, Cape Town, and even Robben Island. I hope to share stories of the journey over the next few weeks, and come back re-energized to carry on the work for justice and peace, especially Campaign Nonviolence.
That’s what I take from Nelson Mandela’s heroic life and this ambitious film—that the struggle requires all our energy, effort and attention, but not only is it worth it, it’s the greatest gift we can offer with our lives.